Independent Commission of Enquiry concludes with Final Report
The Independent Commission of Enquiry (ICOE) held its 15th meeting on 20 January 2020 in Nay Pyi Taw. It met for the last time before submitting its Final Report. The ICOE signed and submitted its Final Report to H.E. U Win Myint, President of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar at the Presidential Palace, Nay Pyi Taw, in the presence of Union Ministers for the Office of the State Counsellor and Office of the Union Government.
The ICOE also met with H.E. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, State Counsellor of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.
Please visit https://www.icoe-myanmar.org/ for a full text of the Final Report.
The following is the text of Conclusion contained in the Executive Summary. Conclusion The ICOE concludes, on the basis of the information available to it and of the investigations carried out in northern Rakhine State and elsewhere, that war crimes, serious human rights violations, and violations of domestic law took place during the security operations between 25 August and 5 September 2017. Although these serious crimes and violations were committed by multiple actors, there are reasonable grounds to believe that members of Myanmar’s security forces were involved. ARSA’s initial attacks – drawing on a very large number of mobilized villagers – provoked the response by Myanmar’s security forces. The killing of innocent villagers and destruction of their homes were committed by some members of Myanmar’s security forces through disproportionate use of force during the internal armed conflict. The ICOE has not found any evidence suggesting that these killings or acts of displacement were committed pursuant to an intent or plan to destroy the Muslim or any other community in northern Rakhine State. There is insufficient evidence to argue, much less conclude, that the crimes committed were undertaken with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, or with any other requisite mental state for the international crime of genocide. The ECVT findings reveal no indication of a pattern of conduct from which one could reasonably conclude that the acts were committed with ‘genocidal intent’.